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History of Ayurveda - Ojus Ayurveda Hospital and Research Centre

History of Ayurveda

Ayurveda is a perfect ancient science of life, the word Ayur literally means life and Veda, the science or knowledge. Ayurveda briefly explains the knowledge of the do's and don’ts on has to follow. Ayurveda also emphasizes that "Prevention is better than cure". The science of life which explains the knowledge of various guidelines to be followed in order to make a healthy living is called Ayurveda.

Ayurveda is the science of life, a 5000- year old tradition holistic system of well being. Ayurveda is the knowledge of longevity which offers healing, rejuvenation and self realization through balanced food, herbs, yoga, massage, aroma and meditation.

The mythological origin of Ayurveda is associated with a story about BRAHMA, the lord of creation. Lord Brahma, who sought to ease the sufferings of man created Ayurveda from his memory as the Upaveda of Atharvaveda and taught Ayurvedic skills to other gods. One of those deities was Dhanwanthari, who then transmitted the knowledge to the mortal sages. These sages or ‘Rishis of Bharathavarsha like Divodasa, Athreya etc., who are renowned for their empathy to the sufferings of the living beings handed over their knowledge to their ‘SISHYAS’ or students.Sishyas like Agnivesa, Bhela, Jathookarna made their own studies and developed treatises or “SAMHITHAS”

Another story regarding origin of Ayurveda is that Lord Brahma after creating this veda taught it to DAKSHAPRAJAPATHI who transmitted his knowledge to ‘ASWINIKUMARA’S .ASWINI KUMARA’S handed over his science of life to Lord Indra and he himself to Rishis like ‘ATHRIPUTHRA’.Sishyas of Athri like ‘AGNIVESA’ developed their own thanthras and wrote samhitha and thus Ayurveda developed to a sophisticated science with eight specialization or branches known as ‘ashtangaayurveda’. These eight branches are :-

  • Kaya Chikitsa (General medicine)
  • Balachikitsa/Kaumarabhrithyam (Pediatrics)
  • Grahachikitsa / Bhoothavidya (Psychiatric treatment)
  • Urdhuvanga Chikitsa/Salakyathanthram (E.N.T and ophthalmology)
  • Salyachikitsa (Surgery)
  • Agadathanthram(Toxicology)
  • Jarachikitsa or Rasayanathanthram (Rejuvenation treatment or geriatrics)
  • Vajeekaranathanthram (Aphrodisiac treatment)