Rheumatology (Greek rheuma, river) is a sub-specialty in internal medicine and pediatrics, devoted to diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases. Rheumatism is a colloquial term referring to any painful disorder affecting the loco-motor system including joints, muscles, connective tissues, soft tissues around the joints, and bones.
This also includes rheumatic heart disease, which is specific to heart valves but has symptoms similar to rheumatic fever, which typically develops after a streptococcal infection. Rheumatologists are clinicians dealing with arthritis and other rheumatological disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, gout, systemic lupus erythematosus.One of the major changes in modern rheumatology is the development of new drugs called biologics, or disease modifying agents, which can control severe disease more effectively.
Diseases diagnosed or managed by the rheumatologist include:
Degenerative arthropathies :-Osteoarthritis
Inflammatory arthropathies :- Rheumatoid arthritis, Spondyloarthropathies (Ankylosing spondylitis, Reactive arthritis (reactive arthropathy), Psoriatic arthropathy, Enteropathic spondylitis, Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA), Crystal arthropathies: gout, pseudogout, Septic arthritis).